originally published on Harkla.co
AUTISM AND SENSORY PROCESSING
In 2014, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control reported that 1 in 68 school-aged children were diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder. A more recent parent survey conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics puts that number much higher, reporting 1 in 45 children aged 3 and older have autism. The STAR institute estimates, based on their research, that 75% of children with autism have “significant symptoms of sensory processing disorder.” Given that high correlation and comorbidity rate, a multi-sensory approach to therapy and teaching for children with autism is a likely approach!
SENSORY INTEGRATION THERAPY
For children who are demonstrating difficulty with sensory processing, or who are diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder, sensory integration therapy (SI) can be helpful in remediating some of the issues that result from the way a child processes sensory stimuli. Sensory integration therapy includes specific activities to target a child’s ideal arousal level, sensory regulation, and adaptive responses.
Occupational therapists (OT) who specialize in sensory integration theory have extensive background knowledge and experience assessing sensory processing and building therapeutic programs that meet your child’s individual sensory needs. Through direct treatment and ongoing
monitoring of your child’s responses, an SI-based OT can select complementary therapies to target tactile, vestibular, visual, auditory, and feeding concerns.
Sensory Integration Therapy is a child-centered and family-centered approach that ideally extends those therapeutic approaches used in a sensory-rich therapy gym into your family’s real-life experiences. By working in collaboration with parents, therapists develop sensory diet activities and sensory lifestyle choices that help your child across situations, environments, and people.
Online directories can help you locate an SI-based therapist in your area and these helpful tips are guidelines on what to ask a prospective therapist.
HOW SENSORY PRODUCTS HELP
Whether your child is at home or in school, a multi-sensory environment tailored to his/her sensory needs may be effective in increasing purposeful engagement, language interactions, and positive behavior. Because each child responds differently, and each environment presents different sensory stimuli, it is important to consider sensory products in terms of sensory “categories” based on the desired outcome you want to see!
Products that you choose for home may be used differently than a teacher would use them at school. For example, a therapy ball in your basement playroom could be used to push through a tunnel to provide some extra proprioceptive “heavy work” whereas a teacher may have a student sit on the therapy ball for a little extra movement during seated tasks to increase focus.
Some of the sensory products that give you ‘the most bang for your buck’ will have multiple possibilities and ways to target different sensory systems!
OUR TOP 10 SENSORY PRODUCTS
Our top 10 Best Sensory Products for Children with Autism were chosen to specifically target the 8 sensory systems: auditory (sound/hearing), olfactory (smell), gustatory (taste), tactile (touch), vestibular (movement), proprioception (input from muscles and joints), and interoception (internal sensors indicating physiological conditions).
1. Swing - While not everyone is lucky enough to be able to install a traditional indoor swing from a beam in your ceiling, there are numerous options for doorway swings, tripod-frame swing sets, and outdoor swings from trees or existing play sets. All of these options will provide your child with the vestibular input they need. There’s a lot to consider when choosing a swing, so feel free to email us with questions! To take a look at the swing we love, click here!
You can read more about the benefits of sensory swings for those with autism here.
2. Crash mat - Think of it as the simplest, safest way to get proprioceptive input! Crawl over it, jump & crash, creep under & squish. It’s a versatile sensory product that offers safety reassurance too.
3. Trampoline - Sustained jumping can provide vestibular and proprioceptive input simultaneously which is a great combination to assist with regulation.
4. Vibrating massager - Deep vibration to the whole body (also called “buzzing”) can have a calming effect.
5. Therapy ball - Roll over it, squish under it, bounce, sit, throw/catch/kick, and even jump on top (supported by a helper) - this is a versatile addition to a sensory play space with multiple functions.
6. Scooter- 4-wheeled scooters are versatile to work on core strength, endurance, and motor planning. Scooter downhill for extra vestibular input or uphill for proprioceptive input. From obstacle courses to simple tasks, scooters support sensory needs in a variety of ways.
7. Lycra Tunnel/body sock- These sensory products offer a quiet space for kids with the added comfort of pushing, pulling, and squeezing through stretchy material.
8. Tactile fidgets- Great for on-the-go, fidgets are for kids who need to stim! Tactile fidgets can redirect busy hands in a purposeful way AND meet sensory needs